Turkish Journal of Weed Science


Instructions for Authors

Manuscript format

Manuscripts should be written in Times New Roman 12-point font, with 1.5 line spacing except abstract. All page margins will be 2.0 cm. Section headings should be in bold face and 12-point font. The sub headings should be in bold and italic 10-point font. All pages and line should be numbered consecutively to facilitate ease of reference for the reviewers. Each paragraph should begin with an indentation of 0.5-cm. Tables and figures should be cited numerically and must beprovided at the end of the manuscript.



Manuscripts should be written in concise, standard US English or Turkish, which must be carefully reviewed by the authors for correctness. Authors whose first language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by a native speaker prior to submission.


Supplementary Material

The journal also supports the supplementary data for manuscripts having large data sets; either figures or tables should be prepared as a separate document and submitted with the manuscript.


Research Articles

Research articles should not be longer than 25 pages (or 8,000 words), including tables and figures. Research articles should include an abstract and up to six keywords. The manuscript should include the following sections: Introduction; Material and Methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgments; References and Supplementary material, if any.


Short Communications

Short communications should be less than 12 pages (or 4,000 words), including tables and figures. Short communications should include an abstract with up to six keywords. Main text should be divided into sections as for research articles and can include a maximum of three tables/figures; and supplementary material, if any.


Review Articles

Each issue of the Journal includes a maximum of one review article, typically invited by the Editor and have no page limitation. The review article should include an abstract; up to six keywords a variable main text (the introduction should be based on general coverage of the issue, followed by a critical assessment of the most important references).



The following layout is strongly recommended. If the manuscript is not prepared according to the layout; it will not pass the technical check and immediately returned to authors


The first page must include the following:

i. Type of the article: i.e., Research, Short Communication or Review and Title of the work. The title must be clear, short and concise. The title should preferably not exceed 20 words.

ii. Author names: The first letter of authors first name should be written in Capital while the Family name must be in capitals. The authors name should be separated by comma (,). When authors are associated with different institutions, each author should be marked with a superscript. The corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk (*).

iii. The institution names of the each author to which they are affiliated should be given immidiately after the authors list. Each institution must start on a separate line

iv. Corresponding author´s e-mail address and telephone number should be prvidedimmidiatley after the institution names

v. The running title of the work, used in the heading of the pages of the printed article, should not exceed 80 characters (including spaces).


Abstract and keywords



The articles of the Journal include an English or Turkish abstract. Turkish authors are responsible for writing abstracts in both languages while a Turkish abstract will be added by the Editorial office in the articles received from outside of Turkey. The abstract length is 200 words maximum for each of English and Turkish. The style must be concise and must not contain references. Abstract must describe the relevance of the study and establish the goal or the specific objectives; a brief description of the materials and methods; relevant results and one or two closing sentences addressing the most relevant findings and implications.



A maximum of six key words (in English and Turkish separately) should be included. These should not repeat words that appear in the title.


Main Text

The following sections should be included in the main text



The introduction should contain sufficient background information about the work to allow it to be placed in the context of other research and to allow the reader to understand the relevance, proposed objectives and evaluation of the results. The introduction should conclude with one or two sentences that define the objectives and the essence of the article.


Material and methods

Sufficient information should be provided to enable experiments to be repeated. For routine methods, a brief description and literature reference will be enough. New methods must be described in detail and, in the case of rarely used chemical products or equipment, the manufacturer’s name and address should be given.



In general, this section should not include literature references; it should only describe the results of the experiments. Interpretations of the experimental data should be reserved for the Discussion section. The explanations provided in the figure and table captions should not be repeated in the text.



The discussion should not be limited to describe experimental results and drawing conclusions; it should also be analytical and interpretative and should establish an association between the results obtained and other published works. The discussion may describe conflicting opinions and the results of other authors and indicate the value of these results for future works.



This section should conclude with a few sentences that summarise the most relevant conclusions and implications. Conclusions usually do not contain references but provide a short, general restatement of the main experimental results and their importance to the reader or the subject being discussed.



When it is considered necessary, acknowledgements should be made to the people, centres or bodies that have collaborated or supported the carrying out of the work. Authors are responsible for obtaining the necessary permission of the people or bodies mentioned, given that the readers might infer that they endorse the data and conclusions of the article.



When references are cited in the text, the author’s surname should be provided in parentheses, followed by a comma and the year of publication; for example, “(Chauhan, 2013) or Chauhan (2013)”. If there are two authors, the surnames should be followed by “and”; for example, “...(Chauhan and Abugho, 2007) or Chauhan and Abugho (2007)”. If there are three or more authors, include the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” and a comma; for example, “...(Golmohammadzadeh et al., 2015) or Golmohammadzadeh et al. (2015).”. The accepted papers which do not appear in an issue can be cited provided that they have a valid DOI. The references should be ordered from oldest to most recent; if they are from the same year, sort them alphabetically “(Chauhan and Abugho, 2007; Chauhan, 2013; Golmohammadzadeh et al., 2015).


References list

The references in the list must appear in alphabetic order by authors. Use full journal names. Examples are given below for literature references.

Journal Articles

Chauhan BS. (2013). Rice husk biochar influences seedling emergence of Junglerice (Echinochloa colona) and herbicide efficacy. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4:1345-1350.


Chauhan BS., Abugho SB. (2013). Effect of water stress on the growth and development of Amaranthus spinosus, Leptochloa chinensis, and rice. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4:989-998.


Golmohammadzadeh S., Zaefarian F., Rezvani M. (2015). Effects of some chemical factors, prechilling treatments and interactions on the seed dormancy‐breaking of two Papaver species. Weed Biology and Management, 15(1):11-19.


Onen H. (2015). Invasive Plants Catalogue of Turkey. Abc publishing house, Ankara. ISBN: 1111-1111.

Book Chapters

Farooq S., Onen H., Ozcan S. (2015). Impacts of invasive alien Plants. In: Onen H. (eds). Invasive Plants Catalogue of Turkey. Abc publishing house, Ankara. ISBN: 1111-1111. pp. 34-57.

Mastes and Doctoral Theses

Akyol N. (2015). Expansion status of Common ragweed in Black Sea region of Turkey. Department of Plant Protection, Gaziosmanpasa University (M.Sc. Thesis). In Turkish with English abstract.

Internet References

Heap  I.  (2016).  International  survey  of  herbicide  resistance  weeds.  Available: [Accessed: 01.02.2016].


Anonymous.   (2016).   Plant   coordinate   finder   for   SMARTER.   Available: [Accessed:03.01.2016].

Accepted Articles - Articles in Press

Ozaslan C., Onen H., Farooq S., Gunal H., Akyol N. (2016). Common ragweed: An emerging threat for sunflower   production   and   human   health   in   Turkey. Weed   Biology    and    Management. DOI: 10.1111/wbm.12093


Tables Figures

Tables and figures should be cited consecutively in the text, numbered independently and must be self- explanatory. Figures and tables must be of high quality and must be received in a suitable form and condition to be reproduced. Tables should be headed by a number and title. Explanatory notes that facilitate the interpretation of the tables should be included at the bottom of the tables. Figures may correspond to diagrams or photographs. The figure number and legend should be presented at the bottom of the figure. After the acceptance of the paper, photographs should be sent separately as image files (jpg, tiff or similar) with a finished size of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Tables and Figures should be provided at the en of manuscript after References section.



1. Use abbreviations L, mL and µL for capacity or volume units. Express N (normality) as mmol/L and ppm as mg/kg or mg/L.

2. Abbreviations must be defined when first mentioned in the abstract or text [e.g., “polymerase chain reaction (PCR)”] and again in the tables and figures. Abbreviations must then be used throughout the article, except at the beginning of a sentence.


Scientific Names

Genus must be written in full the first time an organism is mentioned in the abstract or text and in every table and figure. If you are discussing several different species within a genus so that the genus is the same for each species mentioned, write genus + species in full the first time each new species is mentioned, even if it seems redundant. After the first time, use the genus abbreviation with a period. Genus and species are always italicised. Latin binomials or trinomials and authorities, when first mentioned, must be given for all plants, insects and pathogens (e.g., Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.). Both common and chemical names of pesticides/herbicides must be given when first mentioned (e.g., “Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) was most persistent...”).


Galley Proofs

Page proofs of articles are sent to authors as MS WORD files. Corrected proofs should be sent to the Editorial Office within three days by e-mail.


- To download Instructions for Authors in Word form Click Here


- To download Manuscript Template Click Here